Episcopal Prelatial Dress in Eighteenth Century New Spain

The Codex Trujillo is an encyclopedic work compiled by bishop Baltasar Jaime Martínez Compañón of Trujillo, Peru, at the end of the 18th century. It is a detailed ethnographic examination of many aspects of life of his diocese, including the different tribes, dresses, languages, flora, geography, architecture and music, among other subjects in 9 volumes illustrated with over 1400 watercolors.

The first volume contains a wonderful portrait gallery of the first 28 bishops of Trujillo, Each represented with his respective coat of arms. Many of them were missionaries belonging to different orders and are depicted in the prelatial version of their habit.

Alonso Guzmán de Talavera (O.S.H), first Bishop of Trujillo. Black mantelletta and mozzetta lined in paonazzo over the hieronymite habit.
Francisco Díaz de Cabrera y Córdoba (O.P), in prelatial choir dress over dominican habit.
Luis de Córdoba y Ronquillo (O.SS.T.), in prelatial choir dress over trinitarian habit.
Ambrosio Vallejo Mejía (O.C.), cream mantelletta and mozzetta lined in paonazzo over carmelite habit.
Juan de la Calle y Heredia (O. de M.), unlined white mantelletta and mozzetta over mercedarian habit.
Juan Víctores de Velasco (O.S.B.), black mantelletta and mozzetta lined in paonazzo, black cassock with train
José Cayetano Paravicino (O.F.M.) bluish-grey mantelletta and mozzetta lined in paonazzo over franciscan habit.
Baltasar Jaime Martínez Compañón himself, in secular bishop's dress: mantelletta and mozzetta lined in paonazzo. Note the typically hispanic tufted zucchetto.
The Codex is preserved in the Royal Library in Madrid, and can be consulted online in its entirety.https://realbiblioteca.patrimonionacional.es/

Other examples of the series Prelatial Dress of the Religious Orders can be found in these articles: FranciscansDominicansBenedictines and Carmelites.

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